The following information is taken from
Wood County Historical Highlights 1894-1994
by Paul Willis Jones
|In the Beginning|
|Petitions, which were circulated throughout Wood County in January 1893, requested legislation authorizing the erection of a new courthouse. The enabling act, in effect February 2, 1893, permitted county commissioners to erect the building and issue bonds not to exceed $200,000. |
|The law also directed Circuit Court judges to appoint a four-member Building Committee to act and vote with the construction and furnishing of the building. Announced February 28, 1893, the committee members included two farmers, John Ault and Edward B. Beverstock, and two Bowling Green residents, attorney Frank A. Baldwin and bank president Earl W. Merry.|
|Ignoring the committee, the commissioners contracted, May 3, 1893, with the Columbus architectural firm of Yost & Packard. T. B. Townsend, Zanesville, on November 2, 1893, became the general contractor with his low bid of $153,803.08. City Council granted permission on October 3, 1893, for temporary railroad tracks along Pike Street to the courthouse. About 750 carloads of building material were eventually delivered on that switch.|
|Before the old courthouse was razed, county offices were moved into temporary quarters leased in the then-new City Building.|
|Ground for the present courthouse was broken November 28, 1893, but inability to get lake sand that winter delayed work on the foundation until March 15, 1894.|
|An estimated 15,000 people thronged to Bowling Green for the laying of the courthouse cornerstone July 4, 1894. Three special trains carried a total of 3,400 people to the county seat that day.|
|All three county commissioners, a former commissioner, the architectural firm, and the general contractor were indicted June 4, 1895, in connection with courthouse construction.|
|On June 27, 1895, three commissioners were found guilty of misconduct in office in employing the courthouse architect without acting in conjunction with the Building Committee.|
|The judge removed two commissioners from office on July 20, 1895, but the Ohio Supreme Court reversed the convictions the following March 31.|
|The prosecuting attorney on December 2, 1895, nullified all the indictments against the county commissioners and the two contractors “which have not already had trial.” County commissioners, on August 31, 1897, accepted the new building, and county offices were moved the next two days.|
|The new Common Pleas Courtroom was dedicated September 7, 1897, but the new building was never dedicated. There was a so-called re-dedication November 1, 1981.|
|Fully furnished and with grounds improved, the building in September 1897 was reported to have cost $255,747.84. A later estimate was $275,000. The architect’s original estimate had been $187,570.79. You will recall that the legislature had authorized $200,000 in bonds.|
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The E. Howard Watch and Clock Co. made the huge tower clock for $3,000. The bells weighs 2,000 pounds and the hands spread to a diameter of 17 feet. The hands were the second largest on an American clock, exceeded in size only by the 17.5-foot dials on the Chronicle newspaper building in San Francisco. Before our courthouse clock was made, the second largest one in the United States had been on the Board of Trade Building in New York. Its dials were only 12.5 feet in diameter.
The clock had been guaranteed to vary no more than 10 seconds a month. A few months after it was installed, a Bowling Green newspaper reported the clock “goes when it pleases and makes its own time.”
The Original hands of the clock reportedly were made of basswood-not of wrought iron as spelled out in the contract. The present ones are of metal. Hands of the clock were apparently frozen during the blizzard of 1978. Each of the four faces of the clock has 12 electric light bulbs, one for each hour stop. To replace a burned-out bulb, a steeplejack has to climb the treacherous steps to the tower and then walk outside on a narrow ledge. The bell tower rises 195 feet above the ground level. To enter the tower one must ride the elevator to the attic, and then ascend 195 steps. These include three floors of steep steps, followed by three steel ladders.
A little shanty just below the faces of the clock houses the mechanism. A huge arm with a sledgehammer on the end strikes the bell. An electric motor replaced the weights that originally activated the clock gears.
Plans to purchase the “second largest clock in the world” were announced September 27, 1895, but the clock wasn't ordered until July 20, 1897. The bell did not strike the time until January 30, 1897, and the hands were not installed until later.
Finishing touches on the courthouse were completed April 10, 1897. Stone carving was the final project.
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The style of courthouse architecture is modernized H. H. Richardson Romanesque. All the massive walls rest on solid rock.
The sandstone was from Amherst, Ohio, and the granite from Vermont. Limestone was used for steps, platforms, and doorsills while marble appears in various places. The architectural sculpture was done by the Dayton firm of Whyte & Priest, with W. D. Priest the supervisor.
Here is an 1897 explanation of the courthouse stone carving:
“There are several allegorical subjects among the different designs. The springers for the main arch represent the strong arm of the law crushing out vice and corruption, the animal representing the law and the snake under his foot vice and corruption; the stops at the ends of the label molds represent avarice, sprays deprived of its prey by the law, starves, which is illustrated by the biting itself. The outside architrave mold in the vestibule represents unity, there being three sprays in each circle interlaced together; the heads at the top in the same course represent (in art terms) autumn and winter, the matron representing autumn and the old man winter. The inner architrave represents evil in the meshes of the law and is illustrated with animal being tied in with a design of interlaced work.”
The grand stairway has polished marble steps and electro-bronzed railings. The Athenian marble finish on the columns surrounding the stairway opening was “of recent origin” when the building was constructed.
The bronze-finished chandeliers were made for either gas or electricity by the Western Gas Fixture Co., Toledo. Furniture of quarter-sawed white oak was manufactured by M. Ohmer’s Sons Co., Dayton.
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|I. M. Taylor, an artist and the 1911-1920 mayor of Bowling Green, painted the two large murals on the third floor. (He was the grandfather of Harriet Cunningham, retired teacher at Bowling Green Senior High School.) Fort Meigs is portrayed on the east wall and railroad tracks and oil wells south of Portage on the west wall. |
|Bowling Green newspapers late in 1897 referred to the building as “the county’s new palatial temple of justice,” “grand beyond any anticipation,” “and “as magnificent a piece of architecture as you will ever deserve to see.”|
|Green County officials said in 1900 that they liked the Wood County Courthouse the best of such building they had see in Ohio and Indiana. A book salesman who had visited half the American courthouses rated the one in Bowling Green as his favorite. |
|Courthouse office crowding was relieved after the 1975-1977 construction of the Wood County Office Building. That five-story structure behind the courthouse cost $4,442,00. Now the courthouse has only court functions, and not all of them. |
|Courthouse restoration from 1979 to 1981 totaled $3,217,778. Thus it cost 12 times as much to restore the building, as it had to erect it about 85 years earlier. The restoration was financed by federal revenue sharing money and the county’s piggyback sales tax, with no property tax involved. |
|A variety of work was done in the 1979-1981 courthouse restoration: |
|The murals were restored |
|To match the original marble where needed, white marble was imported from Italy. |
|A second common pleas courtroom was added and various offices were rearranged and redesigned. |
|Central air conditioning and a ventilation system permitted the removal of window units. Plumbing and wiring were upgraded and brass handrails, marble staircases and tile floors were preserved. Much plaster and paint is new. |
|Cushioned benches on carpeting replaced theater-style seats in courtrooms. Windows shutters and some lighting fixtures are new. |
|Special care was taken to protect the $200,000 worth of stained glass on the ceiling over the marble staircase. |
|For courthouse restoration design work, the Toledo firm of Munger, Munger and Associates received an Honor award from the Architect Society of Ohio of the American Society of Architects. It was the only such award to Northwest Ohio in 1981. |
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|Daniel Hubbell and Guy Nearing submitted the successful $895 bid to construct the first Wood County Courthouse. It was built of logs in 1823-1824 in Perrysburg on the south side of West Front Street, about 200 feet west of Louisiana Avenue. |
|The second courthouse at Perrysburg was a Roman-Doric structure of basilica style. The two-story brick building was on a stone foundation. There were four two-story columns and a cupola. |
|Started in 1837 and completed six years later, the building was at the northwest corner of Walnut street and West Indiana Avenue. The cost was $20,000 and the contractors were Loomis Brigham and Jairus Curtis. |
|After the abandoned building burned on April 23, 1872, the Perrysburg Township Hall was constructed on the site. The site is now occupied by the Perrysburg Municipal Building and Jail.|
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Wood County Jail
The county jail behind the courthouse was completed in 1902. Its $49,551.70 cost was financed by levy funds. Voters at a special election December 18, 1900, approved the issuance of $50,000 in bonds. The victory margin was only 124 votes. The Fremont firm of Fronizer & Andrews erected the building after the May 21, 1901, groundbreaking. The courthouse was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973 and the jail the next year. The jail was vacated in 1990 when the Wood County Justice Center on East Gypsy Lane Road was completed.
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Major Contracts Awarded for Courthouse Construction
|May 3, 1893|| ||Yost & Packard, Columbus, architects |
|Nov. 7, 1893 ||$153,803.08 ||T.B. Townsend, Zanesville, contractor |
|August 21, 1894 ||$13,850.00 ||Fenton Metallic Co., Jamestown, N.Y., metallic furniture |
|Sept. 12, 1895 || ||Mosaic Tile Co., Zanesville, mosaic tile |
|Sept. 17, 1895 ||$17, 855.15 ||The M. Ohmer’s Sons Co., Dayton, furniture |
|Oct. 1895 ||$1,325.00 ||Bostwick, Braun & Co., Toledo, electric wiring |
|Dec. 9, 1895||$1,325.00||Flanigan & Biedenweg, Chicago, art glass |
|Dec. 19, 1895 ||$700.00 ||Acme Paving Co., Columbus, Athenian marble |
|March 13, 1897||$3,500.00 ||O.J. Koover & Son, Fort Wayne, Ind., frescoing |
|March 29, 1897||$4,071.15||Acme Paving CO., Columbus, Athenian marble finish |
|March 29, 1897 ||$5,905.00 ||T.B. Townsend, marble |
|May 10, 1897 ||$3,400.00||Western Gas Fixture Co., Toledo, electrical fixtures |
|June 7, 1897||$3,805.00 ||W.D. Priest, Dayton, carving stone |
|June 7, 1897 ||$970.00||O.J Koover & Sons, more frescoing|
|June 7, 1897 ||$3,895.00 ||Whyte & Priest, Dayton, stone carving |
|July 20, 1897||$3,000.00||The E. Howard Watch and Clock Co., Chicago |
|Aug. 17, 1897||$2,700.00 ||Houghton Foundry & Machine Co., Toledo elevator|
|Aug. 21, 1897||$0.17 / |
|Acme Paving Co., Columbus, concrete walks|
|Sept. 21, 1897 ||$0.10 /1,000 |
|Bowling Green Electric Light & Power Co., lighting |
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Eleazor Darby Wood
|From the Journal of the Northwestern Campaign of 1812-1813 |
under Major-General Wm. H. Harrison
by BVT. LIEUT.-COLONEL ELEAZOR D. WOOD
Captain Corps. of Engineers, U.S. Army
Annotated and Indexed by Robert B. Boehm and Randall L. Buchman
(Reprinted with permission)
|Eleazor Darby Wood was born in Lunenburg, Massachusetts, in December, 1783. As a young man he studied medicine briefly at Albury, Vermont, but quickly chose a military career instead when he received an appointment to the recently created United States Military Academy at West Point. The academy was not yet a four year school so Wood spent a relatively short time there, entering May 17, 1805 and graduating October 30, 1807. |
|He was at once commissioned second lieutenant in the engineers and was assigned to duty assisting in the construction of defenses on Governor's Island in New York Harbor. In February 1808 he was promoted to first lieutenant and sent to Norfolk Virginia, where he was in command of a force detailed to fortify the harbor there. After two years at this work (1808-1810) he was promoted to captain, quite rapid advancement for a young officer in the miniscule United States Army. |
|His experience in the War of 1812 began at New London, Connecticut, where he was in charge of the defenses for a brief period. He was soon ordered to Sag Harbor on Long Island to supervise the erection of a fortified battery. |
|In November, 1812, Captain Wood was assigned to the "Northwestern Army" where he found himself doing the work of the chief engineer due to the illness of Captain Gratiot who officially held that post. His service in northwestern Ohio included overseeing the construction of Fort Meigs, some work on Fort Stephenson (at present-day Fremont) and assisting in the movement of General Harrison's army to Canada after Perry's victory on Lake Erie. |
|On May 7, 1813, while the siege of Fort Meigs was in progress he was brevetted* major. After participating in the crucial battle of the Thames in Canada, Wood was transferred to western New York where he served with distinction in the Niagara area. For his conduct at the Battle of Niagara he was brevetted once more, to the rank of lieutenant colonel, in June, 1814. |
|His career came to end on September 17, 1814, when he was killed during an assault on British forces besieging Ft. Erie. It seems more than likely that his career would have continued with distinction had he survived the War of 1812. He was a man of ability, bravery, and common sense who won the admiration and friendship of most of his military colleagues. |
*Brevet rank was a temporary service in a higher rank.
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